Exercise 1. Insert the required tense (Passive Voice).

1. "I don't want to hear another word. I __ never __ so __ in my whole life, (to insult) (I. Shaw)2. But what shall I do if you __ ? (to kill) (Shaw)3. Godfrey waited, before he spoke again, until the ale __ and the door __ (to bring, to close) (Eliot)4. In whatever spare time he could find, he read the current research journals, trying to understand the implications of the experiments which __ throughout the world, (to perform) (Wilson) 5. Merriman, order the dog-cart at once. Mr. Ernest __ suddenly to town, (to call back) (Wilde)6. Upon the Doctor and the widow the eyes of both Mr. Tuprnan and his companion __ for some time, when the stranger broke silence, (to fix) (Dickens)7. In 1834, the Houses of Parliament, with the exception of Westminster Hall __ by fire. They __ '. by Sir Charles Barry, (to destroy, to rebuild) 8. "I'm afraid that we're going to have to move," he said. "This lab won't be big enough for us after all. But there's a double room on the eleventh floor that __ " (to use — negative) (Wilson)


9. Lanny noticed that he __ by three white men from the coffee stall on the other side of the road, (to watch) 10. It was past eleven o'clock — a late hour for the little village of Cobham — when Mr. Pickwick retired to the bedroom which __ for his reception, (to prepare) (Dickens)11. We __. if we __, but never mind, (to scold, to see) (Ch. Bronte)12. The Nobel Prize __ to him in 1924 when the advent of wave mechanics had revealed the importance of his work, ten years after his famous experiment __ (to give, to perform) (Wilson)13. The camp of peace will not allow the outbreak of a new war that __ by the imperialists. (to prepare) 14. I called... to ask if a diamond brooch of mine __ (to find) (Wilde)15. The tea-things __ scarcely ___ when the London coach deposited Mr. Weller, senior, at the door, (to put away) (Dickens)16. Annette's most valuable stone was ruby, which __ to her when she was twelve by an Indian prince who was in love with her mother, (to give) (Murdoch)17. He [Jim] put down his pail... and bent over the toe with absorbing interest while the bandage __ (to unwind) (Twain)18. He carefully examined the contents of his case, and did not speak again until the beer __ and he had paid for it. (to bring) (Priestley) 19. The little patient — and __, and now lay composed in her crib, (to examine, to soothe) (Ch. Bronte)20. It was an idea that __ at that moment __ by Colonel Melchett and Colonel Bantry. (to discuss) (Christie)21. Lanny __ cruelly, heartlessly in the way Sara __ When he __, the barking of a dog __ It __ by hurried footsteps, (to beat, to beat, to beat, to hear, to follow) 22. H« [Arthur] went up to his room. Nothing in it __ since his arrest, (to change) (Voynich)23. You can feel when you __. (to watch] (Hilton) 24. The oldest of London's present-day theatres is th(Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, which __ in 1663 and __ since __ several times, (to open, to reconstruct) 25. Below decks the atmosphere was close. Many cigarettes __, and __. (to smoke to smoke) (Clark)26. She kept an eye on the Leanharn people to see that her action __ duly ___ (to notice) (Maugham)27. Rumania is a Balkan State which __ long __ for its mineral springs. (to know) (Maugham)28. After a few routine questions __ and __, Dr. Lord leant back in his chair and smiled at his patient, (to ask, to answer) (Christie)29. Ettore was twenty-three. He __ by an uncle in San Francisco and was visiting his father and mother in Torino when war __ (to bring up, to declare) (Hemingway)30. He strode up to the front door of the forlorn house and rang the bell like one who __ there for weeks, (to expect) (Priestley) 31. After lunch, we heard that Charles Lenton __ for. (to send) (Snow) 32. Breakfast __ scarcely ___ when a waiter brought in Mr. Dowler's card, (to clear away) (Dickens)33. One could not walk or drive about Philadelphia without seeing or being impressed with the general tendency toward a more cultivated and selective social life. Many excellent and expensive houses __ (to erect) (Dreiser) 34. I __ constantly __ in the street. I like it. It gives an amusement to the dullest walk, (to follow) (Maugham)35. A minute earlier, a small boy with a partly deflated red balloon had run out into the cleared forbidden street. He __ just __ and __ back to the curb by his father... (to capture, to drag) (Salinger) 36....the railway __ at all at that time, (to use — negitive) (Shute) 37. Ant on i a: Thank you. Thank you. Martin: What __ I __ for? (to thank) (Murdoch and Priestley) 38. The gentleman was so startled that he took the night train for the Continent and __ never __ of since, (to hear) (Maugham)

Exercise 2. State where the combination to be + Participle II is a simple predicate and where it is a compound nominal predicate.

1. Mr. Dorrit's rooms were reached . Candles were lighted . The attendants withdrew. (Dickens)2. The door was instantly opened. (Ch. Bronte)3. I have been treated and respected as a gentleman universally. (Dickens)4. About noon, I was summoned to dress madame. (Ch. Bronte)5. My boxes are locked, strapped and labelled; I hate being hurried. (Collins)6. This brisk little affair was all settled before breakfast. (Ch. Bronte)7. He was like a man who had been separated from one he loved for many years... (Greene)8. I stopped at a barber shop and was shaved and went home to the 'hospital. (Hemingway)9. We shall have time to-morrow, when my packing is finished.(Voynich)10. My wife and daughters were charmed with her. (Collins)11. The purchase was completed within a month. (Dickens)12. You are deceived . (Hardy)13. the door was opened by a girl. (Priestley) 14. I' ll be dressed in a minute. (Hemingway)15. The small room was lit only by a dying fire and one candle with a shade over it. (Eliot)16. A short bridge over a canal was blown up but we climbed across on what was left of the span. (Hemingway)17. The chambermaid's curiosity was aroused at once. (Priestley) 18. Was your novel ever published ? (Wilde)19. He has not been well educated up to now. (Clark)20. Huckleberry was filled with admiration of Tom's facility in writing and the sublimity of his language. (Twain)21. The beds, which for years had been neglected , now were trim with the abominations of carpet bedding. (Maugham)22. A whisper goes about the house that Mr. Dombey's hair is curled. (Dickens)23. He was in the house when the diamond was lost . (Collins)24. When at last the notes were finished, I typed them out... (Hilton) 25. Penn was fascinated and troubled by this suggestion. (Murdoch)26. The big brightly lit stone-flagged kitchen was silent... The shutters were closed and barred . (Murdoch)27. Red carpet was laid down for the occasion; hothouse plants and evergreens were arranged in bowers at the extremities and in every recess of the gallery. (Eliot)28....perhaps you know that Mirah's brother is found . (Eliot)29. Another half-hour and all doors would be locked — all lights extinguished . (Ch. Bronte)30. Sam's body was twisted and deformed . But he had not been, born like that... Early one morning farm laborers on their way to work from Stilleveld had come upon a twisted heap lying in the open. It had turned out to be Sam... The right side of his head had been crushed in , as though by a boot. Most of the ribs in the right side of his chest were broken. His right arm was broken in many places. (Abrahams)31. The scoop, under the ranger's fence, cannily selected for his sleepingplace, was overhung by branches. (Galsworthy)32. My things are all packed. (Hemingway)33. Two doors opened out of it [the passage] to the left and to the right. One of these had obviously been closed for many weeks. (Conan Doyle)34. In the front room the bricks of the floor were being tumbled aside by the shoots from old tree-roots. (Lessing)35. She realized that the old life was gone and done with. (Maugham)

Exercise 3. Translate into Russian.

1. That day she was seen little of. (Hardy)2. At that moment hasty steps were heard in the entry. (Hardy)3. A man who is much talked about is always very attractive. (Wilde)4. I was told, too, that neither masters nor teachers were found fault with in that establishment. (Ch. Bronte)5. I shall be quite safe, quite well taken care of. (Dickens)6. I've been sent for urgently, to get at the truth. (Christie)7. A sound of a piano is heard in the adjoining room. (Wilde)8. He could see that the bed was empty, and that it had not been slept in. (Bennett)9. The gate was opened by one of the maids. (Dickens)10. Nothing more was said on either side. (Dickens)11. 1 don't suppose there's anybody who isn't cared for by someone or other. (Maugham)12. With old and young great sorrow is followed by a sleepless night... (Maugham)13. He was forbidden to receive either letters or telegrams. (Collins)14. The visitor was allowed to come forward and seat himself. (Eliot)15. The match was looked upon as made by her father and mother. (Hardy)16. Klesmer bowed round to the three sisters more grandly than they had ever been bowed to before. (Eliot)17. That's a thing I've not been accused of before. (Maugham)18. The child shall be taken care of somehow. (Eliot)19. I just chatter when J'rn chattered to. (Hilton) 20. And for four years now I have been trying to make myself heard in the popular press. I have been laughed at as a crank. I have endured insults. (Priestley) 21. Knight had been looked upon as a bachelor by nature. (Hardy) 22. We know that she likes Nurse O'Brien and is well looked after. (Christie)23. Her uncle and mother came two days ago, and she is being well taken care of. (Eliot)24. The effect of my education can never be done away with. (Eliot)25. The strained and precarious relationship between Ann and Randall, which had been quite unprepared for, was also a constant source of pain and surprise. (Murdoch)26. She is so absolutely to be relied on as that? (Collins)27. Fabrizi told me he had been written to and had consented to come and take up the campaign against the Jesuits. (Voynich)28. One child in a household of grown people is usually made very much of, and in a quiet way I was a good deal taken notice of by Mrs. Bretton, who had been left a widow, with one son, before I knew her. (Ch. Bronte)29. She's quite well thought of in Cambridge. (Murdoch) 30. I was taught music and singing. (Eliot)31. Habble was dismissed, but Kinney was not allowed to retire with him. (Priestley) 32. By now we had been joined by two other people... (Hansford Johnson)33. About an hour or so later I was sent for and found Mary Gerrard unconscious. (Christie)34. She (Gemma] was both pleasant to look at and interesting to talk to. (Voynich)

Exercise 4. Translate into English, using the Passive Voice where possible.


The Passive Voice and the Compound Predicate.

1. Его нигде не видели в течение всей недели. Он болен? 2. Пожар начался ночью, и пламя было видно издалека. 3. Когда я приехала в Ленинград, этот дом еще строился. 4. Этот дом был построен до того, как началась война. 5. Я уверена, что вам помогут в вашей работе. 6. Город, в котором родился Низами, был основан в IX веке. 7. Московский университет назван именем Ломоносова. 8. Павлову была присвоена почетная степень доктора Кембриджского университета 9. Зоя Космодемьянская была схвачена в тот момент, когда она пыталась поджечь конюшни. 10. Сеть ясель в Советском Союзе значительно расширилась за последние годы. 11. Телеграмму послали поздно вечером, так что она будет получена только утром. 12. Эта книга уже распродана. 13. Когда Ленни вернулся, дома никого не было. Миссис Шварц попросили прийти постирать белье. 14. Произведения Пушкина переведены на 76 языков народов Советского Союза. 15. В этот момент обсуждался очень важный вопрос и все внимательно слушали. Он обсуждался уже более двух часов. 16. Миссис Лекки стояла в прихожей, держа в руках открытку, которую только что принесли. 17. Она знала, что сестра вернется домой поздно. Ее пригласили в театр. 18. Домой они пришли очень поздно, все двери были уже закрыты. (Чаковскии) 19....когда я появился здесь, уже все было утверждено, подписано. (Тендряков)20....в кабинете давно не открывали окна... Воздух был тяжел... (Рыбаков) 21. Почему такая работа не напечатана? (Тендряков)22. После того как письмо Петру было написано, он повеселел... (Тендряков)23. Как мало еще сделано, а уже свистит свисток на обед. (Пермяк)24. Санчик и Маврик появились у ворот своей школы. Ворота еще не открывались... (Пермяк)


1. Наконец, ровно через три недели, из города привезли пианино. (Короленко) 2. Когда Володю привезли в Сосняки, ему было семь лет. (Рыбаков) 3. В тот же день послано было письмо в город. (Короленко) 4. Его [Паклина] повели вниз. (Тургенев)5. Послышался топот копыт. (Тургенев)6. В кухне... заметны были некоторые приготовления: все было вытерто и вычищено. Видно было, что нас ждали. (Достоевский) 7. Не прошло трех минут, как преступник был связан. (Лермонтов)8. Его везде охотно принимали. (Тургенев.) 9. Каждый день в комнату вносили бич, обручи. (Чехов)10. Паклин уже взялся за шапку, как вдруг... в передней раздался удивительно приятный.. - баритон. (Тургенев)11. «Басанова арестовали», — прибавил он. (Тургенев)


1. Мне только что предложили интересную работу. 2. Больному запретили курить. 3. Детям велели идти спать. 4. Сусанину приказали показать дорогу на Москву. 5. Меня попросили прийти через несколько дней. 6. Мне задали несколько вопросов, на которые я не сразу мог ответить. 7. Бекки Шарп предложили должность гувернантки. 8. Больному посоветовали ехать на юг 9. Мне вчера сказали, что вы были больны. 10. Нам вчера дали несколько новых журналов и книг. 11. Ему посоветовали остаться дома. 12. Мне показали проект нового театра. 13. Его спросили, кто живет в этом доме. 14. Это как раз та статья, которую нам посоветовали прочесть. 15. Меня прислали помочь вам. 16. Меня просили рассказать вам, что случилось. 17. Мне велели прийти ровно в пять часов. 18. Ей посоветовали заниматься музыкой 19. Ему посоветовали обратиться к хорошему врачу. 20. В то время, когда мне предложили ехать в деревню, я вовсе не думал так нестерпимо скучать. (Куприн)


1. Оратора слушали очень внимательно. 2. Дети любяткогда им читают. 3. Об этом событии много говорят. 4. На него можно положиться? 5. На эту книгу никогда не ссылаются. 6. О поступке Бермана много говорили в колонии. 7. За машиной послали, как только вещи были уложены. 8. В нашей стране с неграмотностью давно покончено. 9. Зимой в этом доме никогда не жили. 10. Не понимаю, почему об этом фильме так много говорят. 11. Тов. Н. очень хороший лектор, его всегда очень внимательно слушают. 12. Он исключительно добросовестный человек, на него можно положиться. 13. В Советском Союзе о детях очень заботятся. 14. На книги Ленина ссылаются многие ученые. 15. Его речь на собрании была такой блестящей, что о ней потом много говорили. 16. В нашей стране дети обеспечены всем необходимым. 17. Послали ли за свежим молоком? (Л. Толстой)18. От Ивана Макаровича с тех пор никакой весточки. (Пермяк)19. Послали за извозчиком. (Чехов)


1. К счастью, доктор жил в этом же доме, и я была избавлена от необходимости выходить ночью. 2. Когда самолет скрылся из виду, все пошли домой. 3. Опять вы опоздали. С этим надо покончить. 4. Ребенка положили в больницу, где за ним очень хорошо ухаживали. 5. После лекции был концерт. 6. В доме миссис Рид к Джейн Эйр постоянно придирались. 7. Когда длинноногий парень скрылся из виду, Давид сел отдохнуть. 8. За первой мировой войной последовала революция в России. 9. После смерти миссис Копперфильд к Давиду всегда придирались. 10. Как только Скиф Миллер скрылся из виду, собака бросилась за ним. 11. За молнией последовал удар грома. 12. Перевод такой хороший, что в нем нельзя найти никаких недостатков. 13. С такими серьезными вещами не шутят. 14. К Трэддльсу, товарищу Давида Копперфильда, всегда придирались.


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